Best Protective Finish to Seal Acrylic Paintings – How To Seal Acrylic Paint

n our Facebook Group, the question comes up a lot about the best way to bring shine and a nice glossy finish back to the dried paintings. Acrylic paints can dry rather dull and darker than when wet, but adding back a glossy finish and brightening up those colors again is easy!

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For your convenience, here are store links to items we mentioned in this article.

What top coating, protective finish or varnish should you use on acrylic paintings and why. Learn about my favorite and why I love it

Why ‘protect’ your acrylic paintings?

  1. Cleaning.

    A protective top coat on your paints can keep off dust and other dirt or marks that could build up over time and discolor the painting. It would also protect it from splashes and create a water-resistant finish, ideal for acrylic paint on wood. That doesn’t mean you should rinse off your painting under the tap if it’s dusty, but a wipe with a lightly damp rag shouldn’t do any harm.

  2. Colors and shine

    Acrylic paints can dry rather matte and dull and often look a bit disappointing when compared to how they shine when they are wet. By adding a glossy coat on top of the dry painting, you can really make those colors shine again, and it helps to brighten them up – like a wet-look again.

  3. Smooth finish

    If your painting dries with a few pinholes or more texture in the paint than you would like, you can usually smooth out the surface by using a self-leveling protective finish. The more layers you add, the less any unwanted little bumps or textures will be noticeable.

What is the difference between a protective finish and a varnish?

You may have heard varnish used as a generic term for any finish, but traditional varnish describes an older form of finish that contains alkyd resin, oil, and solvents and is therefore known as acrylic resin varnish. When applied to surfaces indoors or out, varnish cures into a thin and glossy film with a faint yellow or amber tint, similar to the finish achieved with oil-based polyurethane.

So although we might talk about ‘varnishing’ our paintings to protect them, we aren’t actually using a real varnish to do that. A varnish would be oil based and typically has a slightly yellow tint – not good for our paintings!

Protective finish  Varnish 
Comprises of water or oil based based polyurethane Comprises of oil, resins, and solvents 
Suitable for coating wood Used to refer to all types of wood finishing 
Easy application, stiff and abrasion resistant, and susceptible to UV damage  Nice coloring, flexibility, and protection against UV damage 
High durability except when used outdoors Lower durability but better flexibility and convenient outdoor usage 
Drying time is lower for water-based finish while higher for oil-based finish  Slow drying as it requires around 6 hours
Requires one or two coats Requires several layers
It can be applied through brush, wipe-on, or spray It has to be brushed 
Water-based finish is less toxic compared to oil-based finish Lower toxicity than polyurethane or protective finish 
What is the best varnish to use on acrylic paintings and why?
A typical varnishing session with Polycrylic.

On a side note, to complement your Acrylic Pours, I highly recommend using a Cricut Machine (my personal favourite is the Explore Air 2 machine) to design and print yourself beautiful crafts on all sort of supports. Check it out here!  Now back to a good protective finish.

What makes a good protective finish for your acrylic paint?

You will be looking for something that has these features in order to top-coat an acrylic painting:

  • Water-based (not oil based), with easy soap and water cleanup for your brushes
  • Non-yellowing
  • Glossy finish (or matte if you prefer – in case of matte varnish, make sure to go for an isolation coat)
  • Self-leveling
  • Doesn’t show brush strokes
  • Non-toxic (as is the case with acrylic polymer varnishes)

Why I love the MinWax Polycrylic Protective Finish

The Polycrylic protective finish is an acrylic polymer varnish that checks all the boxes for me when it comes to protecting my artworks. It’s easy to use for sealing acrylic paint as well as for sealing painted wood, you can really put it on nice and thick and there are never any brush strokes. It self-levels so it spreads and smooths out a little like a resin. It’s glossy, and it’s not too expensive. I can easily wash out my brush after and it never hardens, making it an ideal medium to seal acrylic paint.

There were questions raised in the Facebook group about whether such acrylic varnishes would yellow so I wrote to MinWax and asked them all about it, and which of their product range would be best for protecting acrylic paintings. They said:

“the only products we offer that will be suitable for use over paint would be the Polycrylic or the Water-Based Helmsman Spar Urethane. Neither of these coatings will amber over time or will harm the paint underneath, which is typical with other polyurethane type products. To apply this product, however, you will need to allow the paint to fully cure (at least 30 days) first.  This will prevent the solvents in our waterproof acrylic sealer from reacting with those still remaining in a still-curing paint coating, avoiding the color running, discoloring or hazing. Apply your clear finish per label directions. You should have pleasing results for your painted surface. “

That was interesting advice about allowing the acrylic paint to fully cure before applying the thin coat on top and I think that would be good advice to follow whatever top coat you decide to use. I usually leave it about 10 days and so far (fingers crossed) I’ve never had any issues with this finish.

The Polycrylic comes in matte finish, satin finish, semi-gloss and glossy finish. You can get it in the form of a spray paint (which I’ve never tried) or in various different sized cans.  Recoating time is 2 hours and it’s fully dry in 24hrs. So if you are looking for a nice glossy and easy to use finish for your paintings, especially those on a wood surface, give Polycrylic acrylic sealant spray a try. You can get it here:

Amazon USA

Amazon Canada

Amazon UK

How To Seal Acrylic Paint: Using Foam Brush and MinWax Polycrylic Protective Finish

One issue I found when using some of the thicker sealants like polycrylic is that when spreading with a brush you will sometimes get brush marks in the final piece. So to solve this problem I use a good quality synthetic brush on varnish instead of a traditional brush. Here’s how I do it:

  1. Pour a small puddle of polycrylic in a corner of the painting
  2. Using the foam brush work the sealant outwards from the corner. Use light even pressured strokes. The foam brush should be barely touching the surface of the polycrylic, and try not to break the surface tension.
  3. Continue until the whole painting is covered evenly
  4. Clean the brush and dry thoroughly between coats
    1. Rinse brush in warm water until all sealant is out of the foam
    2. Lay on top of a cup to allow air circulation to dry the brush before applying the next polycrylic coat
    3. Make sure brush is completely dry before moving to next coat
  5. Wait at least 2 hours in between coats and apply between 2 and 4 total coats of polycrylic spray varnish to finish sealing your painting

Once you’re finished you should see a thin layer of sealant covering your painting. Depending on the finish used it should be glossy, matte or another type of finish. Congratulations, you just sealed your painting!

72 thoughts on “Best Protective Finish to Seal Acrylic Paintings – How To Seal Acrylic Paint”

  1. Jacqui Douglas

    For fine art and archival purposes a solvent based sealer is best, this is because it can be removed if need arises to repair a painting in the future. Acrylic based varnishes/sealers can not be removed.

    1. That’s a very good point that serious artists creating awesome art works should consider. Which one do you recommend Jacqi?

    2. I use Gamblin products on my fine art acrylics. The product is known as Gamvar and the solvent is Gamsol. Gamvar comes in matte, satin or gloss. I recommend painting an isolation layer on your piece first. This solution is 2 parts Golden Gel Medium to 1 part water. Paint an even thin coat that goes on milky but dries clear. Let this gas out and the paint the Gamvar on in a single thin even coat. I prefer the satin but have used them all.

    3. I use the same method as Dan. Before applying any varnish I coat the fully dry acrylic canvas with an ISOLATING coat. The same as Dan uses.
      Then the varnish. I use Soluvar by Liquitex.
      If the painting in the future needs to be cleaned the varnish can be remove to the isolating coat, without harming the acrylic.

    4. Thankyou for sharing your knowledge, it is fantastic to know what and how to use paints and Varnishes. I was going to do a record but didn’t quite know how to paint the Gesso onto it should I do it in the round groves of the album? Thanks Lee from down under.

  2. I’ve been trying to find the answer to a query I’ve had in regards to using silicone (or any oil-based product) in the paint to create cells.

    We all know oil and water don’t mix… nor does oil evaporate. Do the silicone additives leave residue on the dried paintings? Is there any reaction when you do clear-coat the finished results?

    1. Yes you do get silicone oil sitting on the surface of the painting when it is dry. I remove mine by rubbing in circular motions with some talc or cornstarch, then brushing that off with a soft towel and wiping down with a wet wipe. If there is any oil still visible repeat these steps and its all good to go and varnish. Never had any issues with it separating. Thanks for asking.

    2. Fantastic! Thank you for that info, Deby. There’s information everywhere about silicone but not a lot about removing it from the finished product. I finally found a tutorial last night (I think by Danny Clark?) which gave a few methods of removal.

    3. Whatever is on sale in the store. Just the cheap ones, nothing super fancy with added lotion etc.

    4. Sandra Ackerman

      I was determined to get cells when I first started painting and read that silicone oil is the best. Love the cells it creates, but on every single painting it left “ fish eyes” where the resin separated from the oil, no matter how thoroughly I tried to clean off the oil before pouring my resin. Certain acrylic paints create their own cells, but now if I want cells, I mix Floetrol into my paint. It allows you to make the paint whatever viscosity you want and crates beautiful cells with no fish eyes. I get mine in the paint dept. at Lowes Home Improvement. A word of caution: Floetrol tends to have small chunks in it, so run it through a strainer first. Hope this helps!

  3. Did you figure out a way to finish the small tiles to make coasters? I used a triple coat product but after several weeks it got tiny bubbles in it.

    1. I’m still experimenting Lori. It takes a while because I need to make sure the paint is fully cured before varnishing and then make sure the varnish is fully cured before testing. I have 6 products to test so far. I will report back …

    2. Lori – I’m just like that too! I have rushed paintings, and move it to a safe place (or so I thought!) and reached for something and end up sticking my hand in the wet canvas – so I have 2 left to re-paint them.

  4. Hi Deby,
    I’m getting ready to topcoat my first pour and decided to use Polycrylic as you recommended. What brush do you use? I hate to use a good art brush. Have you tried the Wooster Shortcut?

    1. I use a really soft varnish brush I got from my DIY store. I only use it for varnishing and make sure to wash it in soapy water afterwards.

    2. Thank you for sharing all of your great experience and ideas!
      I just finished top coating my pours with Minwax Polycrylic Gloss. I have an unexpected result. It crackled the finish of all the paintings, especially in the areas of thicker paint. Do you have any thoughts or suggestions?

    3. Oh that is terrible. I’ve not had that on any of mine. How long had you left the paintings before varnishing, and what surface was it?

    4. The pours were comprised of medium flow acrylics, PVA , Floetrol and treadmill silicone on canvas. Sizes 12×12, 16×20, 11×14.
      Let dry between 3 weeks to 1 week. I top coated 15 pieces, all did the same thing to varying degrees. Two coats of Polycryl Gloss.
      Could it be the amount of polycryl? I thought it applied rather thick. I applied it with a good quality synthetic brush, but was getting brush marks anyway.
      I have refinished furniture, so top coating is not unfamiliar to me, though, I have never used Polycryl before.
      Can polycryl be thinned a bit with water or Floetrol?
      Thanks for your help!

    5. I have also had crackling with polycrylic. I think it was because I poured it onto the canvas and perhaps didn’t allow enough time for the canvas to “cure” first. Since that happened, I take precaution not to pour on the polycrylic nor to apply too soon and I’ve had great results. I notice Deby applies 3 coats and I’ve only applied 2, so I think I’ll try 3 coats because I love how glossy her work looks.

    6. Marie Gamalski

      I tried pouring the polycrylic and it ambered horribly…had to throw out the painting ?. I still use it, but I float it on w/a foam brush….

    7. Hi Deby,

      Wondering what the results were? Im painting a backdrop and used some housepaint acrylic with medium matte gel, but now i need to coat it so it hopefully won’t peel. I’m concerned there is an adhesion problem since some peeled when i accidently stepped on it. Are we saying 30 days cure..? Perhaps that will strengthen it. Then which product do you suggest I use for a matte finish? Ty for your help.

  5. I only use Liquitex Pouring medium with soft body and fluid acrylics. I was excited to hear about the polycrylic drying smoothcwithout brush strokes but now concerned because Carol said she had cracking. Carol what paint, mediums, do you use water or silicone? How long did you let your paintings cure?

  6. Even if you put varnish on your painting (after isolation coat first); if you put it before the painting has cured well the varnish will streak across with the acrylic. So make sure your paintings are cured well especially if they are thick acrylic.

    1. The only way to find out is test it and see 🙂 I suggest testing on an old canvas you aren’t so in love with and see how it performs. Sprays usually are best used in several very light coats. They don’t have the gloss of a thicker brush on varnish but will still protect your paintings.

  7. Thanks for your info. One question-what happens when silicone oil keeps rising to the surface of a painting? will it affect the sealer and the paint?

  8. Michelle Rosenbaum

    I’m finding that I get brush strokes even with a fine varnish brush. I recently bought the Mod Podge brush to see if that will leave a smoother finish.
    Any suggestions on application? Thank you.

    1. It might be that you are using it a bit too thinly. I really slosh it on there nice and wet and then the brush strokes even out and smooth away behind the brush. The only time I’ve had trouble was when it was really hot here and I put it on too thinly and it was basically drying as I was doing it.

    2. Michelle Rosenbaum

      Thank you for that tip. I decided to put a thicker layer on and it dried in a cracked pattern. How many coats do you usually apply?

    3. I did a thicker coat on six pieces hoping for a self leveling effect and no brush marks and all of them cracked. I am so frustrated.

    4. Oh that is frustrating. We’ve had a couple of people post examples of this in the FB group recently too. It seems to happen very rarely and since it just started now, I’m wondering if humidity or temperature, drying time etc has anything to do with it. You may be able to hide the cracks by applying more layers.

    5. Michelle Rosenbaum

      The application was in the San Diego area with higher humidity. I have had success applying it here in Phoenix, AZ. I love the Mod Podge brush to apply it with.

    6. Marie Gamalski

      I use a foam brush and float it on quite thickly…keep your torch handy for bubbles.

  9. I have a beautiful large acrylic painting (bought 10 years ago) of an ocean wave. The painting is covered in a varnish / resin lacquer. I can see its the lacquer going yellow not the painting underneath the lacquer. So my beautiful white water wave is going ‘yellow’. From what I’ve read here it looks like my painting is unrepairable?
    There is no way of getting the lacquer off? Any comments or ideas to save my painting?

    1. That is disappointing. I’d suggest taking it to an expert just for a review. They may be able to test a little of the varnish on the side of the painting and see if it is easily removable with a solvent, without damaging the paint underneath. I think varnished acrylic paintings are going to be a challenge for conservators in future.

  10. I am from Australia and am finding it difficult to source Minwax polycrylic. What can I use instead?

    1. Not being from Australia, I’m finding that hard to answer. I know you have some really good art stores, so I suggest getting one of the artist varnishes designed for use with acrylics. The staff there should be able to help you find the perfect one. But for DIY store alternatives, I really don’t know what you have available.

  11. I am just a beginner with this dirt pour and I have some cracking also after I applied the polyurethane should I just do the ne coat

    1. You used a polyurethane? Hmm, I’m not sure if that is the best finish for acrylic paintings. Have you used it before successfully? If the first coat has cracked, it really is almost impossible to repair that. You can add more coats and it may smooth out and hide the cracks a little but I don’t think they will disappear. Did you use PVA in your painting? It seems to be the most common indicator when the varnish crazes or cracks.

    2. Hi I was just reading through and I have made a acrylic painting on a canvas tote bag and thought I may need to seal it? I’m not sure if I should seal it with pva?!? is there any cheap sealing things to buy online??
      Thanks, Anja (age 10) x

  12. Carol Hey ginger

    Hello. Very interesting comments. Thanks for all the information. My question is what do you think k about pouring on Old celling fan blades? I was going to buy new but what the heck stretch out the life of them with a pour of acrylic and varnish them. What do you think about this idea? Thanks Carol H.

    1. Carol Hettinger

      If you have any advice I’d appreciate it. Like better paint. Or silicon or not. Like I said, any advice. Thanks.

      Somehow my last name got auto correct lol. Its not Hey Ginger. Omg, it’s Hettinger!

    2. I think so long as they are well cleaned and then well sealed it should be fine. It would look really cool to see them spinning with all the colored paints on them. If you try it, I hope you will come to our chat group and share some photos.

  13. Is there any recommendation on a sealer to use with an acrylic pour on glass or plastic? Or tips, or a link that I should check out? Thank you! I’m new to this but it is quickly becoming my new love.

    1. I’ve used the Polycrylic on both glossy tiles (which are a bit like glass) and on pours on vinyl records and been very happy with the results. But it’s may favorite and I use it on almost everything. I don’t have a lot of experience with other varnishes to compare to.

    2. Hi…I am “newish” to this…but have been very lucky so far. I live in the Caribbean where it is too expensive to order, ship and pay duty for the items all of you use. I am relegated to school glue and water. We recently started getting Liquid Wrench-Silicone and even though it has an odor…that is temporary. I built my home and use the left over tiles. I clean the tiles carefully before painting and when they are dry, perhaps a week plus a few days (I use my thumb nail on the edge or side to be sure the paint does not dent) and then spray minimum of two times with a clear gloss product from Ace Hardware. Then I use resin. I put paper tape on the back to protect it. I cannot be fussy about the resin as I have little choice. It is the “epoxy” type and it dries clear and bright. It does not get hard for about 4 days but it is dry to the touch in less than one. I have several pieces hanging on my walls and I have no cracking or dis-
      coloring. Could this just be Irish luck? These pieces are about one year old and take strong tropical sun in the morning. I had to learn how to handle the resin as it can be tricky. But now I do just one coat and I am pleased with my results. We are hot and humid 24/7 and breezy!

      What I have learned over the years of living in microcosms and crafting and painting murals and now this is…you CAN get anything you want from anywhere in the world IF you are willing to pay the price. For me, as an example…if you can buy something for USD $1, that dollar item will cost me USD $5. So I pick and choose my purchases VERY carefully.

      I love all the advice from all of you. I would never have gotten as far as I have without your assistance . Thanks for your generosity of spirit and always good “tips”! I watch your videos and am in awe of what you do.

  14. Entirely Past Basic

    I’m still new to pouring, and used the Polycrylic in the matte finish (customer requested the finish) on a piece and it turned out more of a satin finish. I stirred the can very well, and removed the raised silicone before adding the Polycrylic. Any thoughts on why I’m not getting the matte finish?

    1. Interesting. I’ve never used the matte so I can’t describe what the finish on it might look like. Maybe snap a couple of photos and send off to Minwax and ask their advice. I’ve always found them to be very helpful.

    1. Hi! My experience with various finishes keeps me away from matte because it sometimes has a mild sheen. Perhaps you could purchase the same product in flat and paint over your matte? I have seen different results for the same finish from different companies. Just a thought!! Hope you figure it out but before doing the piece again, test it. Good luck.

  15. I admit i like the mentioned epoxy coat idea over a dividing layer, but well aware of off gasing curing paints that would fail with a watertight top finish on my spray paint murals. I was intentionally looking for a non yellowing varnish/clear coat that didn’t have solvents or harsh chemicals that are yellowing my acylic white primer/paint. Durable enough to protect from (heavy) traffic with uv stability. Then I use rustoleum 2x spray colors on top of my acylic, so a clear finish that is compatible with acylic & spraypaint. I wanted a 2-3 day outdoor finished job, or I give up on a sealer. To go with a complete acrylic system to rush the curing time may help. I’ve only come across acrylic ureathanes, or something as durable as Bona HD floor coating, but it seems to expensive. Switching to molotow spray paint possibly. The only other system that works is a breathable hard wearing sealer, as used on stains which breath & last decades. Trying to find a solution.

  16. Melanie Imbruglia

    I wanted to do an acrylic paint pouring onto black canvas project with a special needs summer class. I did a couple at home. Look good. But the finish to seal and gloss has me stumped. I read all above and none sound very teen friendly, plus the drying time. Two weeks for project is about all we have before take home. Suggestions other than picking a different project?

  17. Trena McMaster

    Hello – I’m painting canvas tote bags with acrylic paints and want a matte finish protectant that will waterproof the canvas and protect the painted design all while still being able to use the tote – Looking for a protectant that won’t yellow, crack the painted design and is flexible enough to use the canvas bag. Something that doesn’t make the canvas too ‘stiff’ therefore unable to use as a tote bag. Is there any products that can be recommended? Thanks!!

  18. Hello, thank you for the advice on what to do with paintings that have silicone use. I knew I’d seen mention of talc powder – and you’ve gotten a goodly article on it. Thanks….

  19. I am painting a wooden easter basket with acrylic paints. I want to seal it but won’t have 30 days for it to cure. Is that really necessary painting on wood? The wood will be primed.

  20. Hi I was just reading through and I have made a acrylic painting on a canvas tote bag and thought I may need to seal it? I’m not sure if I should seal it with pva?!? is there any cheap sealing things to buy online??
    Thanks, Anja (age 10) x

  21. Hello! I have been making acrylic pour paintings with silicone. I understand the process for curing the art and cleaning but am still struggling with the finishing, top coat product. As an alternate to minwax brush on, has anyone used Grumbacher spray on varnish or Krylon spray on coating? Both claim non-yellowing. I love the resin but it is quite pricey and it seems dry time may be significant… Any information would be appreciated. Thank you!

    1. Hi Laurie! If you’re referring to Minwax Polycrylic, you can also pour that on and spread it with a flat tool! Just make sure it’s a thin coat. Additionally, Krylon spray coating works VERY well!

  22. I’m about to begin my first public art piece (a transformer box), using acrylic paints. I found your article to be a great guide on how to apply a protective finish with the Minwax Polycrylic. Thank you!

  23. I’ve only been painting for about a year. I paint on canvas with acrylic and do pouring. I also stain/paint wood or anything else I can get away with lol. Indoor and outdoor use. I also smoke cigarettes so I need a good surface that I can clean easily. magic eraser is my best friend. (lick the sponges yes I am serious and then rub lightly or hard depending on the surface it will clean off anything)

    I’ve found I really like Americana triple thick gloss glaze for my paintings, I love lacquer for my wood, and that polyacrylic for the floors or furniture. I do not know if I am supposed to use these on what I do. I have zero complaints

    Shellac I didn’t like at all
    I do not steel wool scratch between coats. sometimes I am 99% sure it’s too tacky to apply another coat but I do it anyhow. both brush on and spray (lacquer) lol

    home depo and lowes for lacquer
    michaels or hobby lobby for triple thick gloss glaze
    dollar tree for modge podge

  24. You mention Minwax Polycrylic often but what about Rustoleum 3x Polyurethane? Does it yellow? Is it self leveling? Your articles are so informative. Thank you

  25. Advice, please?
    I painted a sunflower on a small side table for my sister. I used acrylic paints, but I need to seal it so if she puts a glass on it and it sweats or drips, the moisture won’t ruin all the work I did on the table-top. Is the Minwax Polycrylic product a good choice for this purpose? And, I may sound totally ignorant, but what is an “isolation” layer?
    Thank you for your help.

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